Photos of Flowers from a Freezer

These days we’re all trying to come up with new photo ideas to do around home, but how many of you have thought, ”Hey, I’ll freeze some flowers in water?” That’s a new one for me, but fortunately I know someone here who does that, and she’s happy to share her secrets.

Susan Pfannmuller is a long-time freelance photojournalist in Kansas City. As such, she covers everything from news to sports to concerts to small-town parades, and she’s been doing that for a long time. So when assignments slowed down about two years ago, she wanted to find something else to do.

“I was kind of bored, and I thought, ‘I’ll take some flower photos,’” she says. But she wasn’t happy with the results, saying “they looked like everyone else’s.”

Then she stumbled across the work of a photographer and artist who had been collaborating on a project of not just flowers, but flowers frozen in ice.

“I started playing around with it, and then tried to take it in my own direction,” Pfannmuller says.

Now, almost two years later, she’s surprised she’s stayed with it this long. I’m not, the photos are beautiful. Here’s how Susan does it:

First, you need subjects.

“The first year it was fall, so I just went out and foraged for pinecones and leaves and stuff, not so much flowers,” Pfannmuller says.

She was pretty happy with those as a start, but come spring she switched to flowers.

“I didn’t want to spend a lot of money, so I made do with what I could find.”

She’s been lucky with that, discovering a store that sells large bunches cheap after they start to droop. Once she’s got the flowers, it’s time to choose between one of two methods she uses: hanging or flat.

On the left, some of Susans tools, minus the flowers. She says that if you have hard water, you might get better results using water bought from a store. She’s used all sorts of small containers, including recycled plastic carryout boxes and even zip lock bags. On the right is a finished grid, ready to have flowers attached. Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.

She explains the hanging process this way: “I use florist wire on top of a plastic container, make a mesh of them, then use thinner wire to attach the flowers hanging upside down, with no water. Then I fill it with water and put it in the freezer.”

Since her freezer is a small one at the top of her fridge, she dug through her kitchen cabinets to find plastic containers that would fit.

This is a classic image from the hanging method. Susan says that in this case, “the center ice stayed especially clear, which I liked.” Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.

Her second method, which she calls the “flat” one, gives a different look. The hanging method uses wire to hold the flowers in place because otherwise they’d float to the surface. In her “flat” method, she lays the flowers in a flat container and puts just a little water on them, then tucks them in the freezer. That locks the flowers in place, and after that she can add more water without worrying about them floating up. It gives a different look than the hanging method.

At left, the hanging method. At right, the flat method. For the flat method, Susan says, “If you simply pour water into the container the flowers will float to the top. Instead, pour a small amount of water into the container and freeze, which will anchor the flowers to the bottom. I often place the flowers face down. Then continue to add the water a little at a time waiting for it to freeze between pourings.” Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.
This image shows the different look she gets with the flat method. Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.

Once the container is frozen, she runs warm water over it and slides the frozen creation out. The next step is to head outside. Why? Less chance of a mess that has to be cleaned up!

Another image using the hanging method, this time it has an appearance of movement. Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.

Susan laughs when I ask her about where she makes the pictures.

“It’s a very exotic location – my front driveway,” she replies.

She drags a table out of her garage and sets the block of ice on it. She’ll sometimes use a black cloth under or behind it, although her favorite background is her blue rain poncho (“It’s the right color, it looks like sky”).

It doesn’t hurt that it’s waterproof, either.

With her Canon 5D Mark III on a tripod, using a 100mm macro lens at f/32 (and sometimes with an extension tube), Susan gets to work. While she prefers using natural light, that sometimes comes with issues.

“If it’s real sunny, that can be a problem because of the reflections,” she says. “Sometimes I’ll use multiple off-camera flashes. And a friend gave me a shooting tent, so sometimes I’ll shoot my flashes through that. I use a lot of ambient light, and then sometimes add light (with flash) if one area is too dark.”

It doesn’t always go as planned, but the unexpected is part of what she enjoys.

“The fun thing is that it’s not predictable,” she continues. “I had one flower that I bought, dipped it in wax, and then put it in a jar, not frozen, and added seltzer water. That was fun! I don’t do it the same way every time, if I did I’d get bored. I’m often out there shooting for two or three hours at a time. I’m amazed I do that because my regular work (photojournalism) tends to be shoot fast and run.”

Sometimes mistakes can be good. “When I took it out of the container it broke. Instead of throwing it out, (which I admit was my first thought), I placed it in a larger container with blue tinted water. There are no mistakes, lemonade out of lemons!” Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.

Trying new things like the wax has also led her to adding food coloring, which is a regular part of her creations now. She’s tried dead flowers as well, but they freeze without the bubbles you get with live ones, making the photo less interesting. And focus stacking is also on her list of new things to try.

Part of what she likes about this is that no two shoots are the same, there are always variations to explore and she’s doing it for own enjoyment.

“There’s no pressure, I’m not doing it for anybody, so I can be free to try different things,” she says. “If it doesn’t work, it doesn’t work. One of the biggest lessons I learned in college was from an art instructor, who said, ‘I don’t ever want to hear, “I’m not in the mood.”‘ So I just keep at it, even if I’m not in the mood at first.”

In this image, Susan used the flat method but also tinted the water green. Photo by Susan Pfannmuller.

Naturally, one of my last questions for Susan was whether she sells any of her images.

“Not yet, and everybody’s yelling at me,” she replies. “I need to get a selling site, and I have no excuse for not doing it. I have lots of time now, and people are asking for it.”

She does, though, sell images on request. If you’re interested in buying any of her creations, she can be reached at and make sure to put “Frozen Flowers” in the subject line. To see more of her work, check out her Instagram feed, @susanpfannmuller.

About the author: Reed Hoffmann is a professional photographer and photography educator based in Kansas City. The opinions expressed in this article are solely those of the author. Hoffmann’s career spans 30 years, and his clients have included USA Today, Getty Images, The New York Times, The Associated Press, One Ocean Expeditions, NBC, Children’s Mercy Hospital, EPA, Reuters, Nikon, Lexar, Lowepro, Eco-Challenge and Mark Burnett Productions. You can find more of his work on his website, Facebook, and Instagram. This article was also published here.

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